MODELING OF GAS-DYNAMIC PROCESSES IN THE ELEMENTS OF IMPULSE EJECTOR

  • G. O. Voropaiev Institute of Hydromechanics of the NAS of Ukraine, Kyiv, Ukraine
  • Ia. V. Zagumennyi Institute of Hydromechanics of the NAS of Ukraine, Kyiv, Ukraine
  • N. V. Rozumnyuk Institute of Hydromechanics of the NAS of Ukraine, Kyiv, Ukraine
Keywords: impulse ejector, supersonic jet, gas flow rate, numerical simulation

Abstract

The paper presents the numerical results on gas-dynamic processes in various elements of the impulse ejector, including pre-chamber, supersonic nozzle and mixing chamber, to determine optimal geometric parameters providing the given flow rate characteristics. At an extra-high pressure of the ejecting gas (>100 bar) it is impossible to create a nozzle design with continuously changing cross-sectional area and limited nozzle length. So, it is necessary to place a pre-chamber between the gas generator and the ejector nozzle for throttling full gas pressure. In order to optimize the pre-chamber parameters in the ejector with discrete holes of the gas generator and the operating pressure in the range of 400÷1000 bar, a series of calculations were performed to determine the pre-chamber parameters, ensuring stable operation of the supersonic annular nozzle at the high pressure of 35÷45 bar and the flow rate of 0.5÷0.6 kg/s. 3D numerical simulation of the gas flow into the pre-chamber through the gas generator holes shows the degree of the flow pattern non-uniformity in the pre-chamber at the ejector nozzle inlet is quite low. This justifies the numerical simulation of gas flow in the ejector in axisymmetric formulation and allows restricting the number of the gas generator holes without inducing significant non-uniformity in the azimuthal direction.

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Published
2021-07-21